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Bangladesh population growing by 1.37%
Publication Date : 17-07-2012
Bangladesh's population is around 152.5 million with an annual growth rate of 1.37 per cent, according to the final results of Population and Housing Census, 2011.
The previous count in 2001 was 124.3 million with 1.58 per cent annual growth rate.
President Mohammad Zillur Rahman yesterday released the census report on the website of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, which had prepared the data.
According to the report, Bangladesh has around 76.3 million males and 76.1 million females. Its population density is 1,015 people per square kilometre, which was 834 people in 2001.
The country's literacy rate is 51.8 per cent (seven-year-olds and above).
The number of ethnic population in the country is 1.59 million. Of them, 797,000 are male and 788,000 female.
The census also included the count of mentally and physically challenged, which stands at 2.02 million.
As per the report, the average household size is currently 4.4 persons compared to 4.8 in 2001 and 5.5 in 1991. The striking find of the census is that Barisal division has negative growth rate, -0.13 per cent, which was 0.65 per cent in 2001.
The fifth population census in 2011 was conducted over a period of five days, from March 15, 2011 to March 19, 2011. For the first time, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies was assigned with the task of post-enumeration scrutiny to determine errors in the coverage and the content of the census.
The preliminary results of the census was released on July 16 last year which showed the country's population to be 142.3 million with an annual growth rate of 1.34 per cent.
Bangladesh is the third most populated country in the South-East Asia, after India and Pakistan which have 1.21 billion and 184.8 million people respectively, according to United Nations Population Fund.
The country's population is now more than the combined population of Thailand, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Singapore.