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China plans to give all NGOs equal treatment
Publication Date : 08-05-2012
All social organisations in China including those involved with human rights and politics will have equal status for registration and face the same supervisory review process, the minister of civil affairs said.
"Authorities will review such organisations from angles such as their founding conditions, necessity of establishment, activity objective and their roles in social and economic development," said Li Liguo, minister of civil affairs, yesterday.
While social organisations serving purposes such as commerce, charity and social welfare have had an easier time getting registered since the second half of last year, other favourable policies for their development will expand from pilot cities, such as Shenzhen and Guangzhou in Guangdong province, the minister said.
Current regulations on social organisations require that a non-governmental organisation must find an administrative body to oversee its activities as a precondition before they can register with the civil affairs authorities.
Under the new registering system, social organisations can register without an administrative body to oversee them, which will cut time and help more grassroots organisations get legal status.
The Guangzhou government has eased registration conditions for social organisations in all categories except for privately-run education, training and medical care organisations.
Guangzhou Green Point Environmental Protection Information centre, which helps university students across Guangdong province carry out environmental protection activities, has failed to get registered as a social organisation since 2007.
"Government departments are reluctant to take responsibility as the supervisor, risking fraud or other problems that may happen," said Zhang Lifan, director of the centre.
"A social organisation in China used to be either a puppet of its connections in government or an unregistered, unsupervised one," he said. "But now, we can get rid of such an existence, becoming an independent legal entity, responsible for our own behaviour, and the supervision is more reasonable and effective now."
But many cities do not have such favourable policies, and they may have to wait for some time to see the easier registration process after the new system is in place, experts said.
"The transitional period from the current system may last three to five years," said Wang Ming, director of the NGO Research centre at Tsinghua University and also expert consultant for the Ministry of Civil Affairs.
"The new registration system is not a simple move open to every social organisation but may involve other changes, such as adding government departments and releasing supporting policies."
But the ministry cannot give a timetable for such an expansion in China, because the new registration system can be implemented only after the three administrative regulations are released, Li said.
"To better manage the flourishing social organisations, governments also need to change their minds about supervising by leading the public, media and industry to supervise the organisations," said Deng Guosheng, Wang's colleague.
After the registration process is reformed, the number of social organisations in China may increase to 1 million in five years, almost double the current figure, Wang said.