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China to offer more 'green cards'
Publication Date : 26-04-2012
More permanent residency permits, often referred to as "green cards", easier visa-free entry and greater incentives to attract foreign expertise, are some of the measures that China will adopted to make the economy more competitive.
Yang Huanning, deputy minister of public security, said, in a report delivered to the top legislature, that the ministry will increase the permanent residency quota and consider issuing more multiple-entry visas to boost competitiveness.
The suggested measures follow hot on the heels of proposals to introduce a new visa category to streamline applications for workers with specialised experience.
Yin Weimin, minister of human resources and social security, said last month that China will boost efforts this year to streamline visa and residency permit procedures, and introduce more accommodating policies for foreigners in relation to social insurance, tax, medical services, education for their children and academic funding.
The number of foreigners who stayed for at least six months rose to 600,000 in 2011 from fewer than 20,000 in 1980, according to Yang.
By the end of 2011, 4,752 foreigners had obtained a permanent residency permit, the equivalent of a green card in the US.
Efforts to combat illegal entry and overstaying, especially from neighbouring countries, will be strengthened, including building more repatriation centres, a senior official said on Wednesday.
Yang, from the ministry of public security, said tackling illegal employment and overstaying faced difficulties and border police may need language training.
The number of holding centres for foreigners found to have entered the country illegally will be increased, especially in the cities where there is a growing problem, he said.
Foreigners who work without an authorised permit in China are mostly language teachers and domestic helpers, while most illegal entrants come from "neighbouring countries", Yang said as he addressed lawmakers during the top legislature's bimonthly session.
There were about 20,000 instances of illegal entry, employment and overstaying, in 2011, twice as much as in 1995.
Arrivals and departures of foreigners reached more than 54 million in 2011, rising 10 per cent annually over the previous decade.
Wu Sicai, deputy director of the arrival and departure division of the provincial public security department in Yunnan, said the province, that borders three countries, has one of the highest numbers of illegal entrants and instances of overstaying.
The southwest province borders Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar and has a border of 4,061kilometres.
Yunnan is an attractive destination as there are few natural barriers, such as rivers, and is culturally close to its neighbours, Wu said.
His office apprehended more than 6,000 illegal foreign employees in 2011, most of them seeking a daily rate of about 30 yuan (US$4.8).
"But to send them back can cost several thousand yuan per person," he said.
Wu said there is no repatriation centre in Yunnan, but the bureau is planning to build one this year.
Guo Anfei in Kunming contributed to this story.