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Stressed China-Asean ties 'don't hurt' investment flows
Publication Date : 18-06-2014
Stressed ties between China and some Southeast Asian countries haven't affected investment flows, even though foreign direct investment in the world's second-largest economy significantly eased in May, a senior commerce ministry official said on Tuesday.
"Fluctuations of investment between China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations this year were mainly caused by last year's base figures. Some big projects last year, which were not repeated this year, accounted for the changes," said Shen Danyang, spokesman for the Ministry of Commerce.
"But the drop of Asean's direct investment in China so far this year isn't a trend. On the whole, China's economic cooperation with Asean was not affected by the factor of relations with neighboring countries," Shen said.
He added that China-Asean economic cooperation, bilateral trade and two-way investment will "maintain fast growth momentum".
In the January-May period, Asean's direct investment in China plunged 22.3 per cent from a year earlier to $2.54 billion, said the ministry. In the same period, overall foreign nonfinancial direct investment in China rose 2.8 per cent to $48.91 billion.
In May, FDI inflows slumped 6.7 per cent year-on-year to $8.6 billion, the biggest drop since January 2013.
Ten Asian economies, including Singapore, Japan and the Philippines, account for the bulk of China's FDI inflow.
In Asean, Singapore is the major force in investment in China.
"Asean's direct investment accounts for a small share of China's total FDI. The decline in the first five months was more likely caused by some big projects last year. Economic ties between China and the 10 economies are displaying good momentum," said Yang Liqiang, a researcher at the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing.
Yang added that about two or three years ago, FDI inflows reached a "plateau" featuring only small increases or declines.
"China's FDI flows will maintain steady growth with no sharp expansion. The economic recovery in the United States and the European Union remains weak, constraining cross-border FDI flows. China's investment environment is also changing as the costs of labor, raw materials and environmental compliance keep rising, challenging investment in some industries. China's economic growth slowdown also affects the willingness of global investors," Yang said.
Shen noted that China retains comprehensive advantages for global investment owing to an expanding market, the opening of more industries and the improvement of the investment environment.
"The fast expansion of FDI in the services sector is a trend and probably won't be reversed ... the ministry is drafting a very important document to boost trade in services and the service sectors," he said.
Shen said that China's foreign trade is likely to continue improving for the rest of this year.
"China's exports have shown a tendency to improve. For the rest of this year, favorable conditions far exceed unfavorable ones and trade will probably keep warming up," Shen said. "But the task remains arduous to reach the annual growth target."
Total trade in dollar terms edged up 0.2 per cent in the January-May period, far below the 7.5 per cent target. Foreign trade in May rose 3 per cent, with exports up 7 per cent (compared with 0.9 per cent in April) and imports down 1.6 per cent.
Shen said that better external conditions and supportive government policies will favor China's foreign trade. The weakening advantages of exporters and sluggish domestic demand remain as major challenges.
The State Council, China's cabinet, issued a circular on Tuesday that aims to enhance government departments' compliance work in making trade policies.
Central and local governments in China must work in accord with the regulations of the World Trade Organisation and other related regulations when determining foreign trade policies, it said.