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Philippines to miss 2015 poverty-reduction goal
Publication Date : 26-02-2014
The government has conceded that the Philippines will miss its 2015 Millennium Development Goal (MDG) on poverty reduction.
Under the updated medium-term Philippine Development Plan, the government has reset its poverty rate target to a range of 20 to 23 per cent by 2015, or higher than the 16.6 percent committed under the MDG.
The MDG is a set of commitments made by member-countries of the United Nations. One of these is halving poverty incidence from the level in the 1990s.
“It is already a given that we are likely to miss out the MDG of reducing poverty to 16.6 per cent next year,” Economic Planning Secretary Arsenio Balisacan, director general of the National Economic and Development Authority (Neda), said yesterday in a speech during the general membership meeting of the Management Association of the Philippines (MAP).
However, he said the government was keen on implementing new strategies to significantly reduce poverty in the remainder of the Aquino administration.
From 25.2 per cent last year, the poverty rate is targeted to drop to a range of 23 to 25 per cent this year before going down further to 20-23 per cent in 2015.
By 2016, the Aquino administration is committing to reduce poverty incidence to 18 to 20 per cent.
The Philippines’ poverty rate in 2012 remained one of the highest in Asia despite the fact that the country registered an economic growth rate of 6.8 per cent, one of the fastest in Asia.
Economists said measures to boost investments that were labor intensive and could provide jobs for the poor were needed for the country to achieve inclusive economic growth.
Balisacan said that concerned government agencies have agreed to coordinate more closely for a successful implementation of the updated PDP, which could substantially reduce poverty.
“Implementation of the plan calls for the convergence of agencies in the different areas. It also calls for the participation of the private sector and development partners [so that the PDP will have] a considerable impact,” he said.
Under the PDP, the government aims to invest heavily in skills training to improve the ability of more people to get hired in high-quality jobs.
In particular, the government wants to train more people on skills needed by the manufacturing sector.
Balisacan said that unlike other sectors, manufacturing has the ability to create a substantial number of job opportunities for the poor.
Also under the PDP, the government commits to spend more on infrastructure, including farm-to-market roads as well as those needed to boost tourism in priority areas, to boost investments, economic activities and employment.
Poor infrastructure has often been cited as a key reason why the Philippines lags behind most of its neighbours in terms of the amount of job-generating foreign direct investments.
At present, public infrastructure spending in the Philippines stands below 3 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP). The government intends to increase this every year until it hits at least 5 per cent—the average in Southeast Asia—by 2016.