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Experts warn of water crisis as population rises in Yangon
Publication Date : 01-10-2013
Environmentalists warn of possible water crisis in Yangon as the city's population is expected to reach 10 million by 2020.
U Ohn from the Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA) said fresh water may become more scarce as the city's population grows.
"In some countries, they lack fresh water and have to rely on boreholes. Most people dig underground wells or boreholes in Yangon. At present, there are five or six million people living in Yangon. In 2020, the estimated population in Yangon may reach 10 million. So Yangon residents may face water crisis,” said U Ohn.
According to an official from Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC), the use of boreholes will be abolished by 2025, meaning that townships will have to rely more on ponds, dams or purified river water.
Currently, over 400 townships in Yangon rely on water from boreholes.
In order to provide water to townships west of Yangon, which need 200 million gallons of water a day, a company from Korea is exploring the feasibility of pumping water from the Kokkowa River near Hlaingtharyar.
The Lagunbyin dam project will start providing water in East Dagon Myothit Townships, and also help supply water to North and South Dagon Townships which currently rely on boreholes.
At present 160 million gallons of water is consumed in Yangon every day and the YCDC only supplies 65 per cent of the cities 6 million population.