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Brunei’s power coverage at 99.7%
Publication Date : 11-01-2014
Practically the whole of Brunei has access to electricity, making it one of the top countries in Asean for energy access and security, an economic working paper from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) shows.
According to the ‘Energy Access and Energy Security in Asia and the Pacific’, an economic working paper that was published last month, 99.7 per cent of Brunei’s population has electricity access, with the entire urban area having electricity and 98.6 per cent of the rural area enjoying power access.
In comparison, Myanmar has the lowest electricity access with only 13 per cent of the national population having power.
Singapore was the only Asean country with 100 per cent electricity access in both rural and urban areas, the report, which quotes figures from 2009, states.
Thailand and Malaysia, which are considered highly developed economies, had electricity access of 99.3 per cent and 99.4 per cent respectively.
Indonesia, Vietnam and the Philippines have 64.5 per cent, 89 per cent and 86 per cent of their national population having electricity access, respectively.
Three of the bottom five countries in the list of 137 economies are from Asean: Cambodia, which has electricity access of 24 per cent; Laos, with 55 per cent of its national population having access, and Myanmar.
The report explores energy access, energy poverty and energy development. “Improved
access to energy services is arguably the key defining characteristic of economic development. Lack of access and energy poverty contributes to hunger with women and children spending long hours gathering fuels rather than earning incomes,” stated the introduction of the report.
Based on the World Energy Outlook 2012, the IEA estimated that almost one billion people will still be without electricity by 2030 and that 2.6 billion people will still be without clean cooking facilities.
“In 2030, the number of people without clean cooking technologies in India will amount to twice the population of the United States, and overall the IEA forecast is that 39 per cent of people in Asia and the Pacific will lack access to modern cooking,” stated the ADB paper.
The report also stated that the World Bank cites China, Laos, Mongolia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam as “potential best practices for rural electrification”.
“These six countries had the highest growth rates for electricity access from 2000 to 2009,” stated the ADB paper.
The Philippines was used as an example, whereby the country has an electrification rate of 89.7 per cent which means that fewer than 9.5 million people lack access to electricity.
The ADB attributed this to the National Electrification Act that was passed in the Philippines in 1969 that involved electric cooperatives and massive amounts of government funding in the 1970s.
Laos, meanwhile, has over two-thirds of the country’s households enjoying access-to-grid quality electricity, a vast improvement from 1995 when just one of every six families in the country was connected, the report added