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Better protection for Vietnamese working overseas
Publication Date : 06-12-2013
Two new circulars issued by the Vietnamese Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs aims to help citizens working overseas.
The circulars which come into effect starting next month include ceiling rates for deposits paid by all workers and standardisation of contracts.
Under Circular 21, the ceiling rate for deposits will depend on the types of jobs undertaken by the workers and the country they are working in.
The highest rate is capped at US$3,000 for those going to work as inters in Japan or as seafarrs on in-shore fishing boats in South Korea.
Those working in Malaysia, Brunei, Thailand or Laos will pay the lowest rate of $300, while those going to work in Australia, New Zealand, the UK, Germany, or any of the countries in the Americas continent will pay a deposit of up to $2,000.
The second Circular 22 will require all labour-export contracts to specify details such as the nature of work, name and location of the potential employer, and procedures for settling any disputes that may arise in the course of working.
These new regulations will also mean that labour agencies are not allowed to come up with their own conditions in the contracts of the workers, but will have to adhere to standardised regulations including full compensation to the workers if they are not sent abroad.
Tran Van Tu, director of the General Confederation of Labour's policy division told the media that the new circulars will curb unhealthy competition among agencies and "black costs" that many workers were previously forced to pay.
"In order for these regulations to be effectively enforced, state authorities will have to pay a closer eye on labour-export agencies," he said.
According to the Department of Overseas Labour, Vietnam has sent over 70,250 workers overseas since March this year - achieving 88 per cent of the target set by the government.
There are currently about 170 labour-export companies operating in Vietnam.