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2 Philippine lawmakers gained from farm subsidies
Publication Date : 05-05-2014
They were the brains and gatekeepers of a multibillion-peso farm subsidy fund supposedly meant to prepare the agriculture sector for the country’s trade integration into the Southeast Asian market next year, but official documents showed their bailiwicks became the biggest beneficiaries of their pet legislation.
Six years after extending in 2007 the Ramos-era Agricultural Competitiveness Enhancement Fund (Acef) and allocating 6 billion pesos in fresh funds, former Sen. Edgardo Angara and former Palawan Rep. Abraham Mitra refuse to take responsibility not only for the reputed failure of the project but also for how it was allegedly pillaged by dummy companies fronting for lawmakers.
Both lawmakers themselves channeled a combined 410.27 million pesos (US$9.23 million) in Acef money intended for grants and no-interest, no collateral loans to their respective provinces, the Inquirer has learned.
The documents showed Angara endorsed 100.07 million pesos in funds for Aurora State University to build a “bangus” (milkfish) park and research center, coconut processing plant and feed mill plant in 2008; and another 200 million pesosfor the improvement of the Baler-Casiguran Road in 2008; while Mitra pushed for the construction of a 10.2-million-peso abaca farm for Palawan State University in 2008; and another 100 million pesos for the Department of Agriculture (DA) to eradicate mango pests in his province in 2009.
Angara and Mitra claimed that both of these projects were fully implemented.
“It’s difficult to make sweeping allegations of a scam. I think each company that borrowed should be investigated before making any general conclusion,” Angara said in a phone interview. He said Acef was a well-intentioned program that the country needed at the time it was implemented.
Angara and Mitra said the projects should be classified as grants and not lumped together with the 4.388 billion pesos in arrears that the Commission on Audit (COA),
in its 2012 annual financial report, claimed that the Department of Agriculture had yet to collect from more than 250 companies. This represents 80 per cent nonpayment of the 5.38 billion pesos released under Acef before it was suspended by the Aquino administration in 2011.
As early as 2011, then Sen. Francis Pangilinan, cochair of the congressional oversight Committee on Agriculture and Fisheries Modernisation, said some of those who applied for the fund were personalities and politicians “favored” by the past administration.
Agriculture Secretary Proceso Alcala also said legitimate farmers’ cooperatives balked at the 20-35 per cent in kickbacks allegedly demanded by fixers for access to the facility.
The Acef scam resurfaced anew after one of its biggest recipients was embroiled in the pork barrel scandal. At least 775 million pesos in Acef funds went for the food processing and cold chain project of National Agribusiness Corp. (Nabcor) in 2007 and 2008.
Nabcor was then managed by Alan Javellana, who is facing plunder charges for allegedly conspiring with detained businesswoman Janet Lim-Napoles to divert 1.25 billion pesos in Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) allocations of 83 lawmakers to fake foundations.
As chair of their respective agriculture committees in the 14th Congress (2007 to 2010), Angara and Mitra sat on the oversight congressional committee that had the final say on the release of Acef funds worth more than 15 billion pesos.
Mitra said that while he and Angara authored the bill extending Acef, they were not responsible for its implementation. “Our roles were just ministerial,” Mitra said.
He added that there were other members of Congress on the oversight committee.
The paperwork was handled by the Department of Agriculture, under then Secretary Arthur Yap, now a Bohol representative, and Land Bank of the Philippines whose
president then was Gilda Pico. Pico also had oversight of the National Livelihood Development Corp., which Napoles allegedly used in her PDAF scam.
Mitra claimed that he was assured by former Agriculture Undersecretary Bernie Fondevilla, a protege of Yap, during the 2007 deliberations that the DA would be stricter and prudent in deploying the funds after a number of companies that had defaulted continued to have access to the facility.
In a phone interview, Yap claimed that he made every effort to ensure that the Acef loans would be repaid.
“This is why we insisted that the companies apply with the Landbank, which we assumed did its work of assessing the borrower’s capacity to pay. We also insisted that the borrowers give postdated checks to the Landbank so that in case they do not pay, the bank would just encash these checks,” said Yap, who maintained that Acef was not a scam.